Procrastination (part 1)

Brandon Gaille reports, that “85-95% of students have problems associated with procrastination” (Gaille, 2013). Procrastination is the huge problem of modern days generation, since young people prefer to waste their time on nothing instead of using it properly. Procrastination makes an impact on the whole life of a person, since it influences his work activity, family relations, social activity and health. It causes many difficulties, as procrastinator puts himself into stressful situations. His/her school or university grades, physical and mental health, relationships with family and friends, and self-esteem change to the worse. Due to the problems that procrastination results, students should take certain measures.
“In a 1997 survey, University of Denver School of Education professor Kathy Green, PhD, found that procrastination was one of the top reasons doctoral students failed to complete their dissertations” (as cited in Novotney, 2015, para.3). Procrastinators make their life unbearable, because they cannot or they do not want to manage their time. Firstly, unable to do work in time, student or labor tries to work as fast as he/she can, which leads to many mistakes. Secondly, due to stress, procrastinating person cannot do the given task thoroughly, and his effectiveness decreases. Thirdly, his relations with people change to the worse. The effect of all listed above is that man loses his/her self-esteem.
One of the possible solutions for the issue is wise time management. As the main problem of procrastinators is time wasted on useless things, it would be very clever to plan the next day or the whole week. Firstly, all student needs is some time. Secodnly, student may take control over his schedule, correcting it when it is needed. Thirdly, the strict limitations on some certain activities help to make character stronger and they discipline mind of a person.
The second possible solution for this problem is strong motivation. If student is motivated by the parents or friends example, or if he/she wants to maintain goal, he/she will probably do anything. Firstly, supported by the close people, student may stop wasting his time and start doing work due deadline. Secondly, he may need help of other students, which means that his communication skills would get better. Thirdly, his parents would be proud of him, and his self-esteem would increase.
The procrastination problem is familiar to everyone. It takes free time and energy, and brings many difficulties to people. Procrastination has negative effects on different life sides, it may harm student’s relations with the closest people, it causes low grades and health problems, and it may result depression and anxiety. There are at least two possible solutions of the issue; procrastinators themselves are responsible for them. The first solution is time managing, and the second is good motivation. Both have negative and positive sides, but the best solution is to combine those two.


Snow Leopards are in Danger


Over the last few years the number of snow leopards has drastically fallen all over the world due to several factors. However, since snow leopard is a symbol of Kazakhstan, it is very important to conserve the animal in the country.

According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, snow leopard is a large cat “of upland central Asia with long heavy grayish-white fur irregularly marked with brownish-black spots, rosettes, and rings”. It lives in eleven countries –  Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. The main causes of the snow leopard extinction in Kazakhstan are poaching, illegal killings, loss of habitat and prey and climate change. Since these factors are connected to each other, preventive actions in Kazakhstan should cover all of them together. There are approximately seven thousands of them left in the world, but it is impossible to determine the exact number. Snow leopards 2-4 thousand meters above the sea level and avoid populated areas. They are absolutely harmless to people, snow leopards are not able to attack human due to their psychology.

The main prey of the animal is mountain goat, but nit laso preys on the cattle. That is why it is important to protect snow leopard’s natural prey as well – so that herdsmen wouldn’t be forced to protect their cattle. The government of Kazakhstan has taken sevral measures to save snow leopards. Firstly, snow leopards are protected by the law, as under the criminal law illegal hunting is punished by five hundred monthly assessment indices. Secondly, several governmental and non-governmental organizations in Kazakhstan started their protection projects, such as Irbis and Snow Leopard Protection Project.  Thirdly, Kazakhstan has ten wildlife sanctuaries, and snow leopards enhabit two of them – Almaty and Aksu-Zhabagly.

Despite all the taken ,easures, the number of snow leopards in Kazakhstan keeps falling, and it is the citizens’ responsibility to take measures.