Future Technologies are There…?

The world as we know it now and the world a few centuries ago are two different things in many ways: technologies, society, economics, politics etc. A few decades ago people couldn’t imagine 3D printed objects, they would have called crazy anyone who believed in Trump’s victory, and they barely had thought autopiloted cars were going to be a thing. Now it’s all real.
I’m not going to discuss the reasons and the possible effects of USA elections’ results, because I’m neither informed enough nor educated enough to do so. I want to look at 3D printing and autopiloted cars as ones of the most important innovations of the modern technology.
First, what is 3D printing? Well, according to 3D printing website (http://3dprinting.com/what-is-3d-printing/), it is the process of turning any virtual design into real object through the 3D printer. It all starts with a special created CAD, or Computer Aided Design, that is divided into hundreds of layers. This is called “slicing”. After that 3D printer is ready to produce the final copy slice by slice, and it can be done through the WiFi, USB or SD. The perspectives of 3D printing cover a wide range of production – from shoes to houses. For example, Mr. Lavars in his article “Adidas launches its first 3D-printed shoes” talks about new model of Adidas running shoes that are produced by 3D printers ( http://newatlas.com/3d-printed-adidas-public/46929/). The author mentions other famous sport brands – Nike, Under Armour and New Balance, that also have tried this technology.
Second, what are the autopiloted cars? Autopiloted cars are actually semi-autopiloted cars, that still need drivers. After the carcrash of one of the autopiloted Tesla cars, there are going to be stricter rules about autopilot mode. For example, in Germany, transport minister Mr.Dobrindt explained the concept of three rules similar to the three laws of robotics from Isaac Asimov’s books. According to these rules, manufacturer is responsible for all the possible damages and the driver’s life is very important. Mike Brown, the author of the article “Germany Outlines Three Laws of Robotics for Self-Driving Cars” thinks that the these kind of rules may result in dispute of how much awareness does the driving require.
3D printing and autopilot cars are the kind of innovations that can lead humanity to the brighter future. And even though there is a bit of concern about these inventions, the list of advantages, including the easiness and usefulness, is going to outweigh all the disadvantages.

Procrastination (part 2)

As a student that procrastinates sometimes, I end up being stressed and annoyed by all the finals at the end of almost every semester. Since this has negative effects not on my mental health only but my friends and siblings’ health as well, I’ve recently became very interested in the ways of motivating myself to do work several days before the deadline. I’ve read the Robert Maurer’s book and after that I accidentally came across the TED lecture “The Puzzle of Motivation” by Dan Pink. Thus, I’ve decided to awrite about two main motivation principles.
Firstly, it is important to divide the work onto smaller parts, also known as steps. This method is explained in Maurer’s book in details. The author believes, that procrastination is a protective reaction of the mind – a fear of a possible failure triggers it. To avoid the fear it is important to split the work into smaller pieces. For example, to understand what the big goal is and write a plan for it for the limited period of time. It is called kaizen, and the whole book guides the reader through it. By the way, it was recommended to read only one page – or even sevarl lines a day, so it was really easy to read.
Secondly, it is important to know clearly what your final goal is. This method was dicussed in Mr,Pink’s lecture. He talked about lack of motivation problem. He also mentioned so called “candle problem” and the study based on it. The results of the study suggested, that the bigger reward for the right solution was the more time the observed people needed to find it. And vice-versa, in case there was no reward, people were able to come up with the right solution very fast. But when the solution was clear, all the participants were able to do it fast.

In conclusion, there are many methods of fighting with procrastination, and motivating yourself to work – is one of the best solutions. In order to motivate yourself it is important to split the work in smaller pieces and to make it clear for yourself what the final goal is. procrastination_full_155952698

Procrastination (part 1)

Brandon Gaille reports, that “85-95% of students have problems associated with procrastination” (Gaille, 2013). Procrastination is the huge problem of modern days generation, since young people prefer to waste their time on nothing instead of using it properly. Procrastination makes an impact on the whole life of a person, since it influences his work activity, family relations, social activity and health. It causes many difficulties, as procrastinator puts himself into stressful situations. His/her school or university grades, physical and mental health, relationships with family and friends, and self-esteem change to the worse. Due to the problems that procrastination results, students should take certain measures.
“In a 1997 survey, University of Denver School of Education professor Kathy Green, PhD, found that procrastination was one of the top reasons doctoral students failed to complete their dissertations” (as cited in Novotney, 2015, para.3). Procrastinators make their life unbearable, because they cannot or they do not want to manage their time. Firstly, unable to do work in time, student or labor tries to work as fast as he/she can, which leads to many mistakes. Secondly, due to stress, procrastinating person cannot do the given task thoroughly, and his effectiveness decreases. Thirdly, his relations with people change to the worse. The effect of all listed above is that man loses his/her self-esteem.
One of the possible solutions for the issue is wise time management. As the main problem of procrastinators is time wasted on useless things, it would be very clever to plan the next day or the whole week. Firstly, all student needs is some time. Secodnly, student may take control over his schedule, correcting it when it is needed. Thirdly, the strict limitations on some certain activities help to make character stronger and they discipline mind of a person.
The second possible solution for this problem is strong motivation. If student is motivated by the parents or friends example, or if he/she wants to maintain goal, he/she will probably do anything. Firstly, supported by the close people, student may stop wasting his time and start doing work due deadline. Secondly, he may need help of other students, which means that his communication skills would get better. Thirdly, his parents would be proud of him, and his self-esteem would increase.
The procrastination problem is familiar to everyone. It takes free time and energy, and brings many difficulties to people. Procrastination has negative effects on different life sides, it may harm student’s relations with the closest people, it causes low grades and health problems, and it may result depression and anxiety. There are at least two possible solutions of the issue; procrastinators themselves are responsible for them. The first solution is time managing, and the second is good motivation. Both have negative and positive sides, but the best solution is to combine those two.


Video Games Can Change the World


Video games can make kids smarter and healthier, suggest different study results. Even though parents around the world tend to blame computer games for growing illiteracy and aggressive behavior rates, results prove otherwise.

Daphne Bavelier in her speech “Your brain on video games” talks about the advantages of game playing. She states, video gamers have better vision that allows them to differ several shades of grey, which may be helpful while driving in the fog, and read small prints. She also says that gamers have better concentration than non-gamers.

The other speaker, Jane McGonigal, a game designer, believes that gamers are able to change the world and to solve global problems. Gamers are motivated better than non-gamers and failures barely can stop them. In real world every failure becomes an obstacle. She thinks that gamer’s motivation transferred into the real world may solve global problems – hunger, wars, political and economical crisis, etc.
Both speakers recognize that binge game playing may be harmful for people as well as any other kind of activity – for example, binge eating or binge drinking.

In conclusion,computer games have many positive effects not only on individual players but the whole world. Video games increase intellectual abilities of the gamers and motivate them to win.

Snow Leopards are in Danger





Over the last few years the number of snow leopards has drastically fallen all over the world due to several factors. However, since snow leopard is a symbol of Kazakhstan, it is very important to conserve the animal in the country.

According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, snow leopard is a large cat “of upland central Asia with long heavy grayish-white fur irregularly marked with brownish-black spots, rosettes, and rings”. It lives in eleven countries –  Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan. The main causes of the snow leopard extinction in Kazakhstan are poaching, illegal killings, loss of habitat and prey and climate change. Since these factors are connected to each other, preventive actions in Kazakhstan should cover all of them together. There are approximately seven thousands of them left in the world, but it is impossible to determine the exact number. Snow leopards 2-4 thousand meters above the sea level and avoid populated areas. They are absolutely harmless to people, snow leopards are not able to attack human due to their psychology.

The main prey of the animal is mountain goat, but nit laso preys on the cattle. That is why it is important to protect snow leopard’s natural prey as well – so that herdsmen wouldn’t be forced to protect their cattle. The government of Kazakhstan has taken sevral measures to save snow leopards. Firstly, snow leopards are protected by the law, as under the criminal law illegal hunting is punished by five hundred monthly assessment indices. Secondly, several governmental and non-governmental organizations in Kazakhstan started their protection projects, such as Irbis and Snow Leopard Protection Project.  Thirdly, Kazakhstan has ten wildlife sanctuaries, and snow leopards enhabit two of them – Almaty and Aksu-Zhabagly.

Despite all the taken ,easures, the number of snow leopards in Kazakhstan keeps falling, and it is the citizens’ responsibility to take measures.


Why readers prefer online Media over print

Borrowed from https://region1onlinejourn.wordpress.com/2015/01/21/online-journalism-a-threat-to-print-media/

With the invention of internet Mass Media started to slowly move from real world to online, and that causes prind periodicals to fade away. It may be relevant to the conflict of generations, as the author of “Tutorial: The Transition To Digital Journalism” (https://multimedia.journalism.berkeley.edu/tutorials/digital-transform/) suggests, because old people more like to read print newspapers than online ones, and young people conversely read web articles much more often than print. In order to stick with the time and to save clients, many news organizations created their own websites with the freelance journalists posting articles online. Another solution for the issue is to set up a continuous news desk with “round-the-clock breaking news for the web”, for example, New York Times.

Even though online and classic journalism have many things in common, they are very different from each other at some points. Jason Steele, an author of the article “6 Ways Digital Journalism is Very Different from Print Journalism”, recognizs six of them: hooks, length, sourcing, accountability, pitching and pay. When the article is posted on the Web there are many other differen links to the articles are being attached to the main one, and that helps to attract attention of the public – that is the first difference of online journalism. The second difference is the legth of the article: on the Web they are mostly short. Sourcing and accountability are related in online journalism, because the author of the article doesn’t have to prove his or her words by citing authority, and yet every online journalist has to be ready for different types of commments (unlike the worker of the print Media, where the readers communicate directly with editors. The fifth one is pitching: in online periodicals journalists are expected to put quantity higher than quality. The last one is pay, and web journalists make money every day, while in print Media they have to wait till the end of the month. http://contently.net/2015/03/20/resources/6-ways-digital-journalism-different-print-journalism/

When it comes to advantages that online journalists have, there are eight of them, according to “8 key advantages web journalism has over print” (http://www.easymedia.in/8-key-advantages-web-journalism-print/). Web journalism is search based, it can be easily accessed any time, websites can be updated any time, they have no limits in space, “media site can go beyond news”, it provides many-to-many type of communocation, it can mix videos and text in one article.  Continue reading “Why readers prefer online Media over print”